Alabama--Supreme Court

Operating at the state level, the Alabama Supreme Court was established by Article V of the Alabama Constitution (1819) on July 5, 1819 and is the highest appellate court in the state. Initially, its duties were performed by the five judges of the state’s circuit courts who were elected by a joint vote of the State Senate and State House of Representatives, but they are currently elected by popular vote. At present, it is comprised of one Chief Justice and eight associate Justices. The Alabama Supreme Court interprets the law by deciding on appeals from lower trial and appellate courts and petitions for relief by litigants in lower courts, providing advisory opinions regarding important constitutional questions, and ruling on injunctions and stays. (Encyclopedia of Alabama; Avalon Project-Alabama: Constitution of 1819)

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