Puritans were adherents to a "religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that sought to "purify" the Church of England of Roman Catholic influence (Britannica). Puritans became associated with the moral diligence that they attempted to inscribe on the national character of England and the early English colonies in North America. Puritans in England played important roles in the English Civil War (1642-1651) while many who left England founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Stemming from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Puritan culture and ideals have remained influential in American culture throughout the nation's history, particularly the idea that the Puritans — and thereby citizens of the United States — were ordained by God to settle North America (Britannica; Wikipedia).

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