Refugees

Refugees is describe as, "A person who leaves [their] home or country to find safety, especially during a war or for political or religious reasons." (Cambridge Dictionary) The American Civil War produced one of the United States' largest refugee crises in history. Scholars have traditionally divided refugees of the Civil War into three groups: African Americans, southern Unionists, and Confederates. One scholar notes that the approach of Union forces sparked the greatest number of refugees from all groups. While southern Unionists and enslaved African Americans fled to Union lines for sanctuary, pro-Confederate white southerners fled away from it for fear of punishment or capture.

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Letter from William A. Strong to Confederate Major Madison McAfee; May 10, 1862
Letter from John Handy to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; February 3, 1863
Letter from J. T. Westbrook to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; February 8, 1863
Letter and circular from Lyman Abbott to Mississippi Governor William L. Sharkey; July 29, 1865
Letter from James R. Challere to Mississippi Governor William L. Sharkey; July 13, 1865
Letter from Captain W. E. Montgomery to Mississippi Governor Charles Clark; January 26, 1864
Letter from W. H. Quarles to Mississippi Governor Charles Clark; March 28, 1864
Letter from N. G. Nye to Mississippi Governor Charles Clark; April 16, 1864
Letter from Robert S. Hudson to Mississippi Governor Charles Clark; June 13, 1864
Letter from N. L. Norton to Mississippi Governor Charles Clark; March 21, 1865
Letter from A. Q. Withers to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; August 25, 1862
Letter from Captain Isom Warren to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; November 8, 1862
Letter from J. H. Hammersly to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; November 16, 1862
Letter from William H. Dameron to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; December 15, 1862
Letter from Colonel Robert Lowry to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; January 24, 1863
Letter from William Cunningham to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; February 16, 1863
Letter from C. W. Taylor to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; May 26, 1863
Letter to Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus; March 3, 1863
Letter from Thomas H. Prince to Mississippi Governor William L. Sharkey; June 15, 1865
Printed letter from General O. O. Howard; June 14, 1865
Letter to Mississippi Governor William L. Sharkey; July 15, 1865
Printed circular from General O. O. Howard; July 28, 1865
Request from Lieutenant James H. Smith to Captain J. P. Schooley; August 14, 1865
Request from Lieutenant James H. Smith to Captain J. P. Schooley; August 14, 1865
Order from Lieutenant James H. Smith to Captain J. P. Schooley; August 19, 1865