Baptists are members "of a Christian group that believes that baptism should not happen until a person is old enough to ask for it and to understand its meaning" (Cambridge Dictionary). Itself divided into numerous different denominations, the Baptist denomination of Christianity is united in rejecting the infant baptism by sprinkling of water common in many other Christian churches, instead opting for the full immersion of adults into water. This denomination grew widely as a part of the Second Great Awakening in the first few decades of the nineteenth century, appealing to many by its recruitment of church leadership from laypeople, emotional preaching style, and its inclusion of African Americans and women (Howe, What Hath God Wrought, 180).

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