Episcopalians are members of the Episcopal Church, a denomination of Christianity that developed in the United States following the American Revolution. Anglican (Church of England) clergymen during the American Revolution were required to take oaths of allegiance to Great Britain, and, refusing to do so, many colonial Anglican clergymen broke off to form the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1789. Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the Episcopal Church was defined by its strictly hierarchical structure, Episcopalian form of church government (churches governed by bishops), elite social status of its membership, founding of numerous colleges and universities, and its involvement in progressive social movements (Britannica; Wikipedia).

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